This is why we got Node Package Manager, more commonly known as npm, for the sake of convenience. The npm is a front-end package manager routinely used with the node.JS framework to manage project dependencies.
Are you looking to update npm packages and not sure how to go about it?
Read on for a step-by-step, easy-to-follow process of doing just that. But first, let’s discuss the basics of using npm.
Introduction to npm for beginners
What is the Node Package Manager?
Node Package Manager (npm) is widely viewed as the default Node.js package manager.Home to more than a million code packages, it is often considered the largest single-language software registry in the world.
You can install the npm by using Node.js, which means you need to install Node.js first if you want to have npm running on your computer. To download Node.js, go to the official website nodejs.org. All npm code packages are detailed in the package.json file. You can share your own code packages with the npm registry at npmjs.com. The npm may be the largest, most comprehensive, and best known, but it is not the only node.js package manager there is. Other options include Yarn, pnpm, and Bower.
List of npm components
There are three key parts of npm:
Common uses for the Node Package Manager
Installing minor and major updates to npm packages
Updates to your code package help keep your applications and tools usable, secure and stable. It ensures your application benefits from any improvements to code package dependencies. You can either run a minor update or a major update. A minor update is for an individual code package, whereas a major update is for multiple global packages.
1. Installing minor updates (Individual)
Any time you install a code package via npm, the most current version is downloaded by default to the node_modules folder. Subsequently, an entry is made to both package.json and package-lock.json within the current folder.
Therefore, to update local packages, go to the root directory of your project folder on your computer. While here, confirm that there is a package.json file in this directory.
For minor updates and patches to local code packages, run “npm update --save” while within the project directory. You can use “npm update --no-save” if you do not want changes made to package.json.
For more significant updates to local code packages, type the command “npm update” and run it.
You can check that the code packages have been updated successfully by running the command “npm outdated”. There should be no output if your code packages are all up to date.
2. Installing major updates (Global)
The previous process will work for minor updates and updates to local code packages. However, the process is different for major updates to global code packages.
To run a major update to global code packages, check if there are global packages that need updating. Type and enter the code “npm outdated -g --depth=0” in your command line.
To update one global package, run the command “npm update -g <package_name>”.
To do the same for all global packages, run “npm update -g”.
To upgrade package.json dependencies to the most current version while disregarding any specified versions, run “npm install -g npm-check-updates”.
Known issues during npm updates
Some of the known issues around npm updates include the following:
Using doctor mode to
identify breaking updates
You cannot use npm update to update major code package releases. Major releases cannot be updated with npm update since there is a risk of introducing drastic changes that could break your application.
npm --doctor is a useful utility that confirms the npm environment is running as it should. It performs multiple checks, such as a ping check to ascertain if your PC is connected to the registry.npmjs.org (that is, the npm registry). Doctor mode also establishes the version of npm and node.js and checks the path to the git program.
List of command options for npm
Some of the most used command options for npm include the following:
Node.js has rightfully earned a stellar reputation for building quality websites and sophisticated web applications. Node.js installation comes with npm by default. npm helps you manage the dependencies and packages of Node.js. In this concise guide, we managed to present the basics of npm and how you can update npm packages to their latest versions. Follow these best practices to ensure npm is up to date and working perfectly.